相信大家一定常聽人提到Funky、Funk這些字眼,但究竟什麼意思?
嗯,文末再提。 先聽幾首歌吧! 



這是個下著雨的週末,如果你打算留在家裡不出門,不妨隨著音樂起舞~~
OK, Let's Groove!!



Let's Groove

演唱:Earth, Wind & Fire
專輯:Raise (1981)
發行公司:Columbia Records



Earth, Wind & Fire
是一支1969年成立於美國芝加哥的黑人樂團,
樂風融合了非洲黑人音樂、Funk、R&B、Soul 和Disco...等,
一般還是將之歸類為Funky band,只要提到Funk就不會遺漏他們。
(但說實在的,Harmony個人覺得音樂分類沒那麼重要而絕對啦)
Earth,Wind & Fire在整個70年代和80前期有非常多的暢銷曲,
這首Let's Groove是1981年發行的,在美國單曲榜最高紀錄是第三名,
也曾拿下R&B榜的第一名。 
其實很多人應該都聽過,只是不知道歌名和演唱者而已。



That's the Way (I Like It)

演唱:KC and the Sunshine Band
專輯:KC and the Sunshine Band (1975)
發行公司:Rhino



KC and the Sunshine Band
成軍於1973年的美國,樂風包含Funk、R&B和Disco.
他們在Disco盛行的70年代以令人愉悅的tropically funky dance music紅遍全球,擁有多首暢銷曲,
樂團的靈魂人物KC,本名是Harry Wayne Casey,是樂團的主唱兼鍵盤手,
(插話:一般來說,全樂團音樂能力最強的都是鍵盤手,不然就是吉他手,
這幾乎是通則了,但也有例外啦,在此先不談)
雖然他笑容太過燦爛一度讓Hamony誤以為是偶像歌手,(以貌取人,真是不應該啊)
但人家可是創作和演奏能力兼具,被葛萊美獎提名過九次,還拿了其中三座~

這首That's The Way (I Like It),收錄在1975年的同名專輯中。
後來也有非常多的翻唱版本,大家對這首歌應該也不陌生;
而在台灣,知名音樂人陶喆也曾以這首歌的副歌為本,創作了一首全新的曲子,交給十幾年前爆紅的偶像團體LA Boyz演唱,許多只聽中文歌的聽眾也因而對這首歌有了片段的印象.....



● Play That Funky Music

演唱:Wild Cherry
專輯:Wild Cherry (1976)
發行公司:Epic Records



Wild Cherry
成軍於美國俄亥俄州(Ohio),是一支funk rock / rock band.
這首Play That Funky Music是他們最紅的暢銷曲,收錄在1976年的首張同名專輯中,
當年獲得美國流行單曲和R&B榜的雙料冠軍,也獲得兩項葛萊美獎的提名,
在70年代可說是風光一時。
Wild Cherry一共發行四張專輯,在80年初期解散。



● Funky Town

演唱:Lipps Inc.
專輯:Mouth to Mouth (1979)
發行公司:Casablanca NBLP 7197



其實會寫這篇是因為,前幾天有個朋友在MSN丟了個連結過來,
Harmony背景音樂是什麼歌?當時他問的就是這首Funky Town,
回答完之後我就想介紹一些知名的Funky music....

Lipps Inc.是一支美國團體,擅長Disco等流行舞曲,在80年初期相當活躍。
這首Funky Town是他們獲得最大商業成就的單曲,
1980年曾同時停留在美國單曲榜和舞曲榜冠軍達四周之久,英國則是拿下第二名的成績。
而這首歌也經常被翻唱,或是重新混音。
例如近年的電影史瑞克2(Shrek)和鼠來寶(Alvin and The Chipmunks)都收錄了這首歌的新版本。


☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆

● 那麼,什麼是Funk、Funky music?

Funk(放克)追本溯源,也算是來自非洲,在美國蔚然成形;60年代末期,非裔美籍的音樂家融合soul music、soul jazz和R&B,創造了一種全新的、充滿律動感的音樂形式,上述的傳統音樂所著重的旋律、和聲以及和弦不斷變換的特質,在這種新的音樂中重要性都被降低了,反而強調節奏部分,尤其電bass和鼓所形成的pattern或說是Groove;歌曲當中通常會有一個貫穿全曲的pattern,包含鼓、bass line與和弦的進行,在不斷循環著。
Bass在一般樂曲中是穩定整個和弦的功臣,可是通常都像配角,不像吉他總是耀眼的主角,但在Funky music裡就出頭了... 而有別於一般bass多半是用撥彈的,Funky bass則經常是以擊弦 (slap)的方式來演奏,所以我們常會聽到人家說 打funky bass,而不是funky bass.....但在英文的說法,一樣是play funky bass,只是運用擊弦方式彈奏的技巧叫做slap.

Funky music標準樂器配置,通常會有電吉他、電bass、鼓、keyboards,或是現在比較少見的Hammond Organ,
多半也會有一組管樂器,例如小喇叭、saxophone等。






  Hammond organ的一種,Hammond 1100





Funk的音樂元素對後來許多音樂類型也產生了深遠的影響,特別是70年代Disco的發展事實上和Funk可說密不可分。
而像是House、Hip-hop等音樂,也大量運用funky music的pattern來作為他們的sample(取樣)。
另外像是new wave、post punk等音樂類型,也多少都受到funk的影響.....

然而話說回來,Harmony個人一直認為,雖然每種音樂都有一個原型,但音樂是充滿創意和變化的,發展到最後總是會融合各種元素而塑造出成千上萬的不同風貌,所以對於音樂類型,有個大致的瞭解即可,無須拘泥。
畢竟,開心欣賞音樂最重要!
您說對吧?

喔,順帶一提,funk是名詞,是這種樂風;funky則是形容詞,就是帶有funk風格的。

★☆★☆★☆★☆★☆★☆★☆

歌詞 --
 

★ LET'S GROOVE 

Artist(Band):Earth Wind And Fire 
Written by:Maurice White & Wayne Vaughn


Earth, Wind & Fire


(Down, Booogie, Down, Boogie...)
Lets Groove tonight
Share the spice of life
Baby Slice it right
We gonna Groove tonight

Let this groove, get you to move,
it's alright, alright, alright
let this groove, set in your shoes,
So, stand up, alright, alright

Gonna tell you what you can do,
with my love, alright
Let you know girl you looking good
you're out of sight, alright

Just Move yourself and glide like a 747
And lose yourself in the sky among the clouds in the heavens

Let this groove, light up your fuse, its alright, alright, alright
Let this groove, set in your shoes

So, stand up, alright, alright
Let me tell you what you can do
with my love, alright

Gotta let you know girl you're looking good
you're out of sight, alright

Just Tell the DJ to play your favorite tune
then you know it's okay
What you found is happening now

Let this groove, light up your fuse, its alright, alright, alright
Let this groove set in your shoes
So stand up, alright, alright

Let this groove, get you to move, its alright, alright, alright
Let this groove set in your shoes
So stand up, alright, alright

You will find peace of mind on the floor
Take a little time, come and see, you and me
give a little sign, I'll be there after a while
if you want my love

We can boogie on down, down,we boogie on down, down, we boogie on down, down, we boogie on down...

Let's groove tonight
share the spice of life
baby slice it right
we're gonna groove tonight
Oooh!


★ That's The Way (I Like It)

Artist(Band):KC & The Sunshine Band 
Written by:H.W. casey (KC) and r. finch


KC and the Sunshine Band


That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
When you take me by the hand,
tell me I'm your lovin man
When you give me all your love and do it
Babe, the very best you can
Oh, That's the way I like it
That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
When I get to be in your arms,
when we're all all alone
When you whisper sweet in my ear,
when you turn, turn me on.
Oh, that's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
Say O.K. That's the way, that's the way
Say O.K. That's the way, that's the way
That's the way, I like it
That's the way, I like it
Doo doo doo doo doo doo doo doo doo
Doo doo doo doo doo doo doo doo doo
That's the way I like it
That's the way I like it
That's the way I like it
Say O.K. That's the way, that's the way
Say O.K. That's the way, that's the way


★ Play That Funky Music

Artist(Band):Wild Cherry




Hey, do it now
Yeah, hey

Hey, Once I was a funky singer playin' in a Rock and Roll Band
I never had no problems, yeah
Burnin' down one night stands
And everything around me, yeah
Got to stop to feelin' so low And I decided quickly (Yes I did)
To disco down and check out the show

Yeah, they was dancin'  and singin'  and movin' to the groovin'
And just when it hit me somebody turned around and shouted

Play that funky music white boy
Play that funky music right
Play that funky music white boy
Lay down the boogie and play that funky music till you die
Till you die
Oh ya, ya

I tried to understand this
I thought that they were out of their minds
How could I be so foolish (How could I)
To not see I was the one behind
So still I kept on fighting
Well, loosing every step of the way
I said, I must go back there (I got to go back)
And check to see if things still the same

Yeah they was dancin' and singin' and movin' to the groovin'
And just when it hit me somebody turned around and shouted

Play that funky music white boy
Play that funky music right
Play that funky music white boy
Lay down the boogie and play that funky music till you die
Till you die, ya
Till you die

(Gonna play that electified funky music, yeah)

(Hey, wait a minute)
Now first it wasn't easy
Changin' Rock and Roll and minds and things were getting shaky
I thought I'd have to leave it behind
But now its so much better (it's so much better)
I'm funking out in every way
But I'll never lose that feelin' (no I won't)
Of how I learned my lesson that day

When they were dancin' and singin' and movin' to the groovin'
And just when it hit me somebody turned around and shouted

Play that funky music white boy
Play that funky music right
Play that funky music white boy
Lay down the boogie and play that funky music till you die
Till you die
Oh' till you die

They shouted play that funky music
(Play that funky music)
Play that funky music
(You Gotta keep on playin' funky music)
Play that funky music
(Play that funky music)
Play that funky music
(Come and take you higher, ya)
Play that funky music white boy
Play that funky music right, ya
Play that funky music white boy
Play that funky music right
Play that funky music white boy
Play that funky music right



★  Funky Town

Artist(Band):Lipps Inc.



Gotta make a move to a
Town that's right for me
Town to keep me movin'
Keep me groovin' with some energy

Well, I talk about it
Talk about it
Talk about it
Talk about it
Talk about, Talk about
Talk about movin

Gotta move on
Gotta move on
Gotta move on

Won't you take me to
Funkytown
Won't you take me to
Funkytown
Won't you take me to
Funkytown
Won't you take me to
Funkytown

Gotta make a move to a
Town that's right for me
Town to keep me movin'
Keep me groovin' with some energy

Well, I talk about it
Talk about it
Talk about it
Talk about it
Talk about, Talk about
Talk about movin

Gotta move on
Gotta move on
Gotta move on

Won't you take me to
Funkytown
Won't you take me to
Funkytown
Won't you take me to
Funkytown
Won't you take me to
Funkytown

~ The End ~

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